People with cholera experience diarrhea and vomiting, which can rapidly cause severe dehydration. Without treatment, cholera can prove fatal within hours, but with the right supplies at the right time, the disease is treatable.
Rehydration is the cornerstone of cholera treatment. Oral rehydration salts are used to treat moderate dehydration, while intravenous fluids can rehydrate patients with extreme cases and antibiotics like doxycycline and azithromycin are used to fight bacteria.
Because cholera is highly contagious, it’s imperative for healthcare workers and other patients to have the resources needed to prevent exposure, including protective gear and basic hygiene items.