News publications and other organizations are encouraged to reuse Direct Relief-published content for free under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-Non-Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International), given the republisher complies with the requirements identified below.

When republishing:

  • Include a byline with the reporter’s name and Direct Relief in the following format: "Author Name, Direct Relief." If attribution in that format is not possible, include the following language at the top of the story: "This story was originally published by Direct Relief."
  • If publishing online, please link to the original URL of the story.
  • Maintain any tagline at the bottom of the story.
  • With Direct Relief's permission, news publications can make changes such as localizing the content for a particular area, using a different headline, or shortening story text. To confirm edits are acceptable, please check with Direct Relief by clicking this link.
  • If new content is added to the original story — for example, a comment from a local official — a note with language to the effect of the following must be included: "Additional reporting by [reporter and organization]."
  • If republished stories are shared on social media, Direct Relief appreciates being tagged in the posts:
    • Twitter (@DirectRelief)
    • Facebook (@DirectRelief)
    • Instagram (@DirectRelief)

Republishing Images:

Unless stated otherwise, images shot by Direct Relief may be republished for non-commercial purposes with proper attribution, given the republisher complies with the requirements identified below.

  • Maintain correct caption information.
  • Credit the photographer and Direct Relief in the caption. For example: "First and Last Name / Direct Relief."
  • Do not digitally alter images.

Direct Relief often contracts with freelance photographers who usually, but not always, allow their work to be published by Direct Relief’s media partners. Contact Direct Relief for permission to use images in which Direct Relief is not credited in the caption by clicking here.

Other Requirements:

  • Do not state or imply that donations to any third-party organization support Direct Relief's work.
  • Republishers may not sell Direct Relief's content.
  • Direct Relief's work is prohibited from populating web pages designed to improve rankings on search engines or solely to gain revenue from network-based advertisements.
  • Advance permission is required to translate Direct Relief's stories into a language different from the original language of publication. To inquire, contact us here.
  • If Direct Relief requests a change to or removal of republished Direct Relief content from a site or on-air, the republisher must comply.

For any additional questions about republishing Direct Relief content, please email the team here.

HIV Rapid Test Donation Program

Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV

Every day, approximately 1,000 children worldwide become infected with HIV, over 90 percent through mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. But with appropriate care and treatment, the rate of HIV transmission from mother to child can be reduced to less than 5 percent.

HIV testing for pregnant women and ensuring that women know their status is the first step in stopping the spread of the virus from mother to child.  Since 2002, the Determine® Donation Program has provided rapid HIV tests free of charge to Ministries of Health and non-governmental organizations providing HIV testing and counseling services in 43 developing countries.

With only 29 percent of pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa receiving an HIV test in 2009, the Determine Donation Program is working to eliminate barriers to the testing of pregnant women, their spouses and children, in countries where mothers and their children face the biggest threat.

About the Determine® HIV-1/2 Test

Determine® HIV-1/2 is an easy-to-use, rapid (15-minute) test for HIV antibodies developed by Abbott. Using a small amount of whole blood, serum or plasma collected by a finger prick, any hospital or remote setting can generate highly accurate results regardless of its access to laboratory equipment or electricity. Determine HIV-1/2 may be stored at room temperature.

No test provides absolute assurance that a sample does not contain low levels of antibodies to HIV such as those present at a very early stage of infection. Therefore a negative result at any time does not preclude the possibility of exposure to or infection with HIV. Positive specimens should be retested using another method and the results should be considered in light of the overall clinical evaluation before a diagnosis is made.

Note: Determine HIV-1/2 is not currently available in the United States. Under this program, only pregnant women will be tested. Determine is not indicated for children under 15 months.

20 Million Tests Distributed

In June 2012, Direct Relief, Abbott, and its foundation the Abbott Fund, announced a major milestone of distributing 20 million rapid HIV tests free of charge to testing and counseling programs serving pregnant women and their families in 43 countries.

To facilitate access testing in order to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV, Abbott and the Abbott Fund made a commitment in 2002 to donate 20 million rapid HIV tests to programs in the world’s Least Developed Countries. Since 2007, Abbott and the Abbott Fund have partnered with Direct Relief to coordinate the program.  To date, more than 150 partner organizations have participated in the program, serving more than 8,000 health facilities.

HIV-positive mothers identified through the program can receive free and convenient therapy to help prevent their child from being infected with HIV.  As a result, a minimum of 150,000 new cases of HIV have been averted in infants over the past ten years.