News publications and other organizations are encouraged to reuse Direct Relief-published content for free under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-Non-Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International), given the republisher complies with the requirements identified below.

When republishing:

  • Include a byline with the reporter’s name and Direct Relief in the following format: "Author Name, Direct Relief." If attribution in that format is not possible, include the following language at the top of the story: "This story was originally published by Direct Relief."
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  • If new content is added to the original story — for example, a comment from a local official — a note with language to the effect of the following must be included: "Additional reporting by [reporter and organization]."
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Republishing Images:

Unless stated otherwise, images shot by Direct Relief may be republished for non-commercial purposes with proper attribution, given the republisher complies with the requirements identified below.

  • Maintain correct caption information.
  • Credit the photographer and Direct Relief in the caption. For example: "First and Last Name / Direct Relief."
  • Do not digitally alter images.

Direct Relief often contracts with freelance photographers who usually, but not always, allow their work to be published by Direct Relief’s media partners. Contact Direct Relief for permission to use images in which Direct Relief is not credited in the caption by clicking here.

Other Requirements:

  • Do not state or imply that donations to any third-party organization support Direct Relief's work.
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  • Advance permission is required to translate Direct Relief's stories into a language different from the original language of publication. To inquire, contact us here.
  • If Direct Relief requests a change to or removal of republished Direct Relief content from a site or on-air, the republisher must comply.

For any additional questions about republishing Direct Relief content, please email the team here.

Madagascar Prepares for Second Cyclone in Two Weeks

Deforestation, mountainous terrain add to risk


Cyclone Relief

Cyclone Batsirai approaches Madagascar on Friday, Feb. 4, 2022. (Satellite Image via NOAA/RAMMB/Colorado State University)

Madagascar is bracing to face a powerful cyclone with “potentially devastating consequences” tomorrow, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. The storm, Cyclone Batsirai, comes just two weeks after the island nation endured Tropical Storm Ana, which led to at least 58 deaths and 71,000 displaced people.

Batsirai, which is responsible for one death on Mauritius already, is currently tracking as a Category 4 storm, with sustained winds of 145 miles per hour. The storm is also predicted to bring 10 to 20 inches of rain, and the impact on Madagascar’s east coast will likely include dangerous storm surges, with landslides remaining a risk as well.

“We are very nervous,” the World Food Programme’s Pasqualina Di Sirio told the BBC.

Adding to the threat posed by the cyclone, Madagascar lost 24% of its forests in the last 20 years, according to Global Forest Watch. An analysis by Yale Climate Connections reported that this loss, combined with the island’s mountainous terrain, will lead to more powerful flood runoff and flood heights.

The storms come as Madagascar is also contending with Covid-19, as only 1.8% of its population is fully vaccinated. Other seasonal health challenges remain, including endemic plague.

As with all post-storm situations, Direct Relief is focused on responding to medical requests related to alleviating interruptions to supply chains, power, and access to medicines, especially for chronic conditions. Post-storm deaths often exceed deaths during the event itself, including for Hurricane Katrina, according to autopsy reports from Louisiana. Such fatalities often come due to a combination of factors, including waterborne illness, food insecurity, reduced medical stockpiles, and power outages.

Direct Relief staff is in touch with health care providers on the ground, including officials at the Ministry of Public Health, who are reviewing an offer of support. Since 2010, Direct Relief has sent $6.7 million worth of requested medicines and medical supplies to Madagascar.

Additional reporting was contributed by Chris Alleway.

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