News publications and other organizations are encouraged to reuse Direct Relief-published content for free under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-Non-Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 International), given the republisher complies with the requirements identified below.

When republishing:

  • Include a byline with the reporter’s name and Direct Relief in the following format: "Author Name, Direct Relief." If attribution in that format is not possible, include the following language at the top of the story: "This story was originally published by Direct Relief."
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  • If new content is added to the original story — for example, a comment from a local official — a note with language to the effect of the following must be included: "Additional reporting by [reporter and organization]."
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Republishing Images:

Unless stated otherwise, images shot by Direct Relief may be republished for non-commercial purposes with proper attribution, given the republisher complies with the requirements identified below.

  • Maintain correct caption information.
  • Credit the photographer and Direct Relief in the caption. For example: "First and Last Name / Direct Relief."
  • Do not digitally alter images.

Direct Relief often contracts with freelance photographers who usually, but not always, allow their work to be published by Direct Relief’s media partners. Contact Direct Relief for permission to use images in which Direct Relief is not credited in the caption by clicking here.

Other Requirements:

  • Do not state or imply that donations to any third-party organization support Direct Relief's work.
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  • If Direct Relief requests a change to or removal of republished Direct Relief content from a site or on-air, the republisher must comply.

For any additional questions about republishing Direct Relief content, please email the team here.

Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in Nepal


Disease Prevention

Knowing their status is a necessary step for women to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV, but pregnant women often lack access to HIV testing.

Through the Determine Donation Program, which works to provide Rapid HIV tests free-of-charge to people in need via nongovernmental organizations, Direct Relief recently initiated a shipment of these tests and services to Nepal through Family Health International (FHI) 360 and National Center for AIDS and STD Control (NCASC).

FHI 360 Nepal and NCASC have been partners with Direct Relief since 2009, and because of the expansion of these programs, which support 41 hospitals and health centers in Nepal, over 125,000 tests were delivered in this recent handover, providing 1,250 kits specifically for pregnant women.

Having access to these tests is especially important as every day, approximately 1,000 children become infected with HIV worldwide. More than 90 percent of those infections occur due to mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. However, by simply providing appropriate care and treatment to mothers, this rate can be dramatically dropped to less than 5 percent.

The Determine Rapid HIV-1/2 test is a simple, 15-minute test that tests for HIV antibodies through a small amount of whole blood, serum, or plasma: any hospital can therefore generate highly accurate results, even without the use of specialty laboratory equipment or electricity.

Considering hospitals in Nepal often are affected by these limitations, these tests provide an easy testing alternative and eliminate the accessibility barriers typically surrounding testing pregnant women.

If these women are identified as HIV-positive, the hospitals help them access free and convenient therapy which can prevent their child from also being affected – a significant step toward an HIV-free generation.

Giving is Good Medicine

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